How Does a Hoverboard Work?
There are quite a few parts below the surface that dictate how a hoverboard works. From sensor technology to the main motherboard, there is a lot to uncover—quite literally. According to Quora, this is a comprehensive list of key parts:
1. Steel frame with a central pivot device
2. Plastic outer shell for containment and protection
3. Logic board (the main printed circuit board, or motherboard)
4. (2) Gyroscopes
5. (2) Infrared sensors (one for each foot)
6. (2) Electric motors (one for each foot situated inside each wheel)
7. (2) Tilt/speed sensors (one for each foot situated inside each wheel)
8. Pressure pads with (2) switches on each, one up front and one in the back
9. LED lights
10. Charging port
11. Battery pack
12. Power switch
So now that you know the parts of a hoverboard, how do these ingredients work together to send you flying from here to there? There is sophisticated, built-in technology to slow you down when your weight travels backwards, and speed you up when your body leans forwards. The gyroscopes and tilt/speed sensors are the magician team that cause all of this to occur.
Additionally, tilt and speed sensors work with the gyroscope to help read the rider’s weight distribution signals and translate them into real time. The gyroscope establishes your base center of gravity and will relate your movements from there. Meanwhile the speed controls communicate with the sensors inside of the wheels to send your tilting actions to the main logic board.
The pressure pads also play a huge part in detecting your movements and making them happen. Each side of the board has a pressure pad with (2) switches, one up front and one in the back. These switches cleverly detect your weight distribution and goes from there. It will facilitate the turning mechanism when the turning side foot presses the forward switch and the opposite foot triggers the back switch. The folks at LiveScience.com have some great analogies to help you picture this technology in action.